Read below to browse the evidence-based dentistry information, or use the links to find what you want quickly.
- An outline of evidence-based dentistry
- How to frame a question
- Access to dental and medical literature
- Finding evidence on the internet / Finding good quality information
- Research design, levels of evidence
- Critical evaluation of literature
- Links to evidence-based dentistry journals
- Links to evidence-based dentistry sites
- Answers to clinical questions
Please direct questions or comments regarding this section to Karl Lyons
An outline of evidence-based dentistry
Definition: Evidence-based dentistry is the practice of dentistry that integrates the best available evidence with clinical experience and patient preference in making clinical decisions.
Evidence-based practice in dentistry (a more comprehensive review by David Healey and Karl Lyons, published in the New Zealand Dental Journal 98, 32-35; 2002).
How to frame a question
The second part of the article listed below provides some guidelines on how to frame a question:
Evidence-based dentistry: Part I. Getting started. (A journal article by Susan Sutherland published in the Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, April 2001.)
Access to dental and medical literature
The following will provide useful information on accessing Medline:
Evidence-based dentistry: Part II. Searching for answers to clinical questions: How to use Medline (A journal article by Susan Sutherland published in the Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, May 2001.)
Evidents provides access to medical databases. It is an evidence-based dentistry search engine that is a collaboration between EviDents.com, SumSearch and the Forsyth Institute, Centre for Evidence-Based Dentistry.
The National Library of Medicines' free access server to MEDLINE citations back to the mid-1960s, and additional life science journals. PubMed also includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources.
Finding evidence on the internet / Finding good quality information
Evidence-based dentistry: Part III. Searching for answers to clinical questions: finding E-vidence on the internet (A journal article by Susan Sutherland and Stephanie Walker published in the Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, June 2001.)
Research design, levels of evidence
Evidence-based dentistry: Part IV. Research design and levels of evidence (A journal article by Susan Sutherland published in the Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, July/August 2001.)
Centre for Evidence-Based Dentistry provides useful links on how to appraise evidence.
Levels of Evidence (.pdf) is produced by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine. This document provides a full list of levels of evidence under headings that include therapy, prognosis and diagnosis.
Critical evaluation of literature
University of York NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination.
This site also provides useful links on how to evaluate evidence.
Links to evidence-based dentistry journals
The following two evidence-based publications are available on subscription:
- Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBA) (published by the British Dental Association)
- Evidence-Based Dental Practice (an American journal)
The following two sites provide links to journals, websites and publications.
Links to evidence-based dentistry sites
Quality of Information on the Internet:
- The Health Information Technology Institute provides information on the quality of information on the Internet.
- Health Care Reality Check provides information on disreputable and unethical practice.
- Quackwatch provides a guide to health fraud and quackery in the health profession.
- The Centre for Evidence-Based Dentistry is an Oxford-based reference source for training in Evidence-Based Techniques, and includes the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. This site will also provide links to Evidence-based Dentistry links, Evidence-based Dentistry tools and Evidence-based Dentistry journals.
- The Cochrane Collaboration (www.cochrane.org) and (www.update-software.com/cochrane) - The centre provides a library of Randomised Controlled Trials currently being performed, which includes the Cochrane Oral Health Group.
- ScHARR - The University of Sheffield School of Health and Related Research provides this Internet resource for finding evidence.
- Bandolier is a synthesis of bullet point headings from primary health journals using evidence-based methods.
- Intellihealth, incorporating Harvard Medical School's Health Information Pages. This site provides health-related information at a lay person level.
Government-sponsored and Professional sites:
- Web of Knowledge is a subscription only website designed to help research in academic, corporate and government.
- National Institutes of Health database sites such as www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov and the National Library of Medicine Gateway.
- MedFetch: Automated Medline Queries
- New Zealand Evidence-Based Healthcare Bulletin summarises news and information about evidence-based healthcare activities in New Zealand.
- Medscape has Medscape professional, or Medscape Health, which is more for the general public.
- Healthgate provides healthcare information to health-related organizations.
- Embase is a subscription-only database.
Medical Search Engines:
Medical Matrix is a site for medical search engines with search and retrieval ability for health care information. This is a subscription only site.
Answers to clinical questions
Attract is a UK based site that will search literature to answer clinicians questions.